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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-79

Effect of humidity on thoron adsorption in activated charcoal bed


1 Radioecology Research Laboratory, University Science Instrumentation Centre, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, BARC, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
N Karunakara
Radioecology Research Laboratory, University Science Instrumentation Centre, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, Mangalore, Karnataka 574 199
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0464.147279

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Activated charcoal is a well-known adsorber of 222 Rn and 220 Rn gases. This property can be effectively used for remediation of these gases in the workplaces of uranium and thorium processing facilities. However, the adsorption on charcoal is sensitive to variation in temperature and humidity. The successful designing and characterization of adsorption systems require an adequate understanding of these sensitivities. The study has been carried out towards this end, to delineate the effect of relative humidity on the efficacy of 220 Rn mitigations in a charcoal bed. Air carrying 220 Rn from a Pylon source was passed through a column filled with coconut shell-based granular activated charcoal. The relative humidity of the air was controlled, and the transmission characteristics were examined at relative humidity varying from 45% to 60%. The mitigation factor was found to decrease significantly with an increase of humidity in the air.


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