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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-44

Effect of gamma irradiation on germination, growth, and biochemical parameters of Terminalia arjuna Roxb

1 Department of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, Karnataka, India
2 Center for Application of Radioisotopes and Radiation Technology, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, Karnataka, India
3 Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
K R Chandrashekar
Department of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri - 574 199, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-0464.121826

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The impact of gamma irradiation on Terminalia arjuna (T. arjuna), one of the potent medicinal plants for cardiac disease is described in this article. The seeds of T. arjuna were irradiated with different doses of gamma radiation ranging from 0 to 200 Gy using the 60 Co source. The effect of gamma radiation on the growth and biochemical constituents were compared with the control plants. Germination speed at 25 Gy was found to be 0.65, which was double compared to the un-irradiated seeds. An increase in germination percentage, vigor index, and relative growth rate, in terms of dry weight was noticed at lower doses of the radiation treatment. The proline content increased with increasing doses. The chlorophyll content was found to have increased to 12.2 mg/g FW at 100 Gy compared to the control level of 8.44 mg/g FW. Increased phenolic content and radical scavenging capacity was observed at 25 and 150 Gy. Hence, lower doses of radiation treatment may be used to increase the germination, growth, and vigor, and also the enhancement of plant metabolites like proline and phenolics in T. arjuna.

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